Practice Guideline for Chronic Pain Management
by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Chronic Pain Management and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Clinical Guidelines for the Use of Chronic Opioid Therapy in Chronic Noncancer Pain
by the American Pain Society - American Academy of Pain Medicine Opioids Guidelines Panel
Guidelines for the Use of Controlled Substances
Federation of State Medical Boards of the U.S.
Model Policy for the Use of Controlled Substances for the Treatment of Pain
Federation ofState Medical Boards of the U.S.
Tools and Recommendations for Screening for Drug Metabolism
Recommended 3 times per year on a random schedule